The rules place a limit of 14 clubs in each golfer's bag. Most golf courses have dress codes. Find out what the dress code is at the course you're playing and dress appropriately. Golf shoes are usually not required, and golf gloves are always up to the golfer, but both are good things to have and use.
A standard set of 14 golf clubs, typically consists of 3 or 4 woods, 9 irons and a putter. Woods are long-distance clubs, meant to drive the ball a great distance down the fairway towards the hole. Irons are golf clubs with a flat angled face and a shorter shaft than a wood, designed for shots approaching the green. Irons are used during the middle of each hole off the roughs, fairways or sand traps. There are long irons, medium irons, and short irons all with flat heads. Putters are a special class of clubs with a loft not exceeding ten degrees, designed primarily to roll the ball along the grass, generally from a point on the putting green towards the cup.
There are special types among both the woods and the irons. Hybrids are a cross between a wood and an iron, giving these clubs the wood's long distance with the iron's familiar swing. Wedges and chippers are variations of the iron. A wedge has a similar look, feel and general construction as a "normal" iron, but with a much higher loft, often 45–64 degrees, it is best-suited for short-distance play. Among the 9 irons allowed in the golf bag at least one and as many as three would be wedges. A chipper is designed for low-speed swings to lift the ball a short distance about 25 yards/23 meters onto the green and is used as the finishing club for each hole.
Many golf courses have dress codes. Find out what the dress code is at the course you're playing and dress appropriately. A pair of khaki shorts or slacks and a collared golf shirt will almost always meet the requirements, but it's a good idea to check beforehand. T-shits without a collar and jeans are usually not within the dress codes.
Though most golf courses do not require special golf shoes to play, they make a good purchase for anyone wanting to improve his or her play and take the game to another level. Golf shoes with metal spikes have today given way to softer rubber spikes that do less damage to the playing surface, and they still provide far more traction than a pair of sneakers. Some golf courses do not allow the use of golf shoes with metal spikes any longer and if they do you may not be allowed use them inside the club house.
Golf bags for the clubs are usually made of nylon or leather and are cylindrically constructed around a plastic frame. Golf bags have several pockets designed for carrying various equipment and supplies required over the course of a round of golf. Golf bags can be carried, pulled on a two-wheel pull cart or harnessed to a motorized golf cart during play. Make sure you have in your golf bag plenty of tees and golf balls and bring a ball mark repair tool, you will need one to repair ball marks on the greens.